0.45% NaCl/ 0.33% NaCl
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Hypotonic solutions used to replace water without increasing osmotic pressure or serum sodium levels. Used to treat cellular dehydration and help re-establish renal function.
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Also known as Normal Saline, an Isotonic solution that restores sodium chloride levels and extracellular volume
Lactated Ringer's Solution
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An isotonic solution that resembles the normal composition of blood serum and plasma
5% Dextrose in Water (D5W)
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An isotonic solution that promotes rehydration and elimination. However, it provides free water once dextrose is metabolized, expanding fluid volume.
5% Dextrose in Normal Saline (D5NS)
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Used for fluid replacement of sodium, chloride and calories.
5% Dextrose in 0.45% NaCl (D5 1/2 NS)
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A type of hypertonic solutions used for daily body fluid and nutrition maintenance.
5% Dextrose in Lactated Ringer's (D5LR)
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A type of hypertonic solution that mimics the electrolyte concentration of the blood.